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At the end of 2015, France has published the second version of its National Action Plan, named ÉCOPHYTO II which reconfirms France ambition to cut pesticides’ use by 50% over the course of a decade.
“Ecophyto ll” is based on seven principles which are translated into six areas of action, comprising a broad range of measures, and including a variety of tasks among which are the changing of practices and systems, and the boosting of research, development and innovation.

 

The seven principles and the six areas of action are entirely described and available in the Endure project’s article “France unveils new National Action Plan“.

What is the role of the French EUCLID partners into this ambitious French national program?

INRA, the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (lead partner of EUCLID),is involved into those ÉCOPHYTO actions in which research is needed. INRA contributes with several research programs focusing on eight different topics developed within the Ecophyto program, as: alternative weed control, biocontrol solutions, agro-ecological adaptation and varietal innovation. A variety of other issues are treated by INRA in cooperation with other Research institutes as, for example, social issues, and innovative tools and equipment for agricultureMore details can be found in the French IPM portal (in French).

INRA, additionally, supports scientifically the analysis of data collection as part of the DEPHY expé network, the testing network setting up different combination of alternative solutions, by comparing them with conventional chemical solutions.

Dephy expé network is coordinated by ACTA, the French Agricultural Technical Institute Network, also partner in EUCLID project. 41 experimental projects are ongoing, in particular on the combination of alternative measures covering all agriculture areas (arable crops, orchards, field and protected vegetables, horticulture, grapevine, tropical crops).

In EUCLID project, the work of ACTA is carried out in cooperation with CTIFL (Fruit & Vegetables technical institute) and IFV (Grapevine and Wine technical institute). They jointly work to boost experimentation and dissemination in the fields, specifically for these three crop groups, namely tomatoes, leaf vegetables and grapes.

Worth mentioning is that ACTA and INRA also jointly coordinate and/or participate in several programs developed into DEPHY expé.

In particular, CTIFL and INRA research work focus on on vegetables such as strawberries, lettuce, protected crops and, especially against soilborne diseases. IFV and INRA are in charge of Ecoviti programs involving 6 vineyard areas in France (see the red grape symbol grape symbol on the map).

France map grapes

ACTA manages cross-cutting issues in experimentations on “bees and innovative arable cropping systems” and “alternative weed control”.

All 41 DEPHY expé project sheets are available in French on EcophytoPIC, the French IPM Website.

The management of EcophytoPIC website is under the responsibility of ACTA with 8 French technical institutes, two of which are CTIFL and IFV. This website gathers all producing videos, articles, tools for advisers, farmers and trainers. Press agents, policy makers and students are also website visitors. A newsletter in French summarizes new information is sent every month.

You can find more detail in “France’s EcophytoPIC continues to expand“ (Endure website news).

This website focuses especially on DEPHY Demonstration Farm Network results with all dissemination resources that can be found into technical articles or regional information. Another significant article, published within Endure project, with explanation on DEPHY work and resources is available on EcophytoPIC DEPHY: Real-life examples of change.

ACTA also organizes the training of the French certificate trainers on IPM, developing an e-learning platform for Certiphyto trainers. Certiphyto is the French certificate needed to advise, sell or apply chemical pesticides and biocontrol products. The training consists of two phases, e-learning and technical days.

ACTA developed several e-learning modules on IPM principles, crop management and continues to produce new topics modules on biocontrol, bees protection or glasshouses ipm management. One trainer from every authorized centre has to follow all mandatory modules with, at the end, a questionnaire to validate each training course as explained in the Endure article “Training the trainers: e-learning examined“. ACTA organizes technical days into agriculture school or experimental stations. More than 50 organizations participated during the 2015 tour. See more details in “How France is training the trainers“.

In conclusion, French EUCLID partners are well involved into ÉCOPHYTO plan and can contribute actively to the success of EUCLID project sharing their acquired experience.